The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

31
Herbert C. Hoover
1929-1933


picture of President Herbert C. Hoover
R R R R R
Herbert Clark Hoover
 

birthplace

West Branch, IA

birthday

August 10

Life

1874-1964

age

OFC:54 , d. 90

party

Republican

presidency highlights

The Great Depression

nickname:

The Chief

vice-president:

Charles Curtis
picture of President Herbert C. Hoover

previous office

Secretary of Commerce

key background fact:

Successful Secretary of Commerce under Harding and Coolidge

occupation

Engineer

military service

none

children

2:   2 boys

wife:

Lou Henry (1899)

height

5' 11'' / 1.80 m

higher education

Stanford University

religion

Society of Friends (Quaker)

 

quote

"In America today, we are nearer a final triumph over poverty than is any other land."

actions & events

  • 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation to provide business loans.
  • 1932 The "Bonus Army" incident. Veterans were killed.

economy

  • 1929 Stock Market Crash
  •  The Great Depression
  • 1930 Smoot-Hawley Tariff; high tariffs to protect US business.

foreign affairs

  • 1932 Stimson Doctrine: US would not recognize results of aggression.
  • 1929-37 Mexican Repatriation: 500,000 Mexicans back to Mexico.

military activity

    unique facts

    • His vice, Charles Curtis, was the first Indian (and the only non-white) in this post.
    • The first president to have a telephone right on his desk

    interesting

    A millionaire before 40.
    Spoke fluent Mandarin Chinese.
    Spoke Chinese to his wife to keep their stories private.
    Organized relief efforts in Europe after both W.Wars.

    military activity


      Legacy

      A qualified executive who failed to provide effective leadership in the most severe crisis. He could not halt and manage the Great Depression. His beliefs did not allow him to take drastic steps.

      Great Depression

      Great Depression