The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

21
Chester Arthur
1881-1885


picture of President Chester Arthur
R R R R R
Chester Alan Arthur
 

birthplace

Fairfield, VT

birthday

October 5

Life

1829-1886

age

OFC:51 , d. 57

party

Republican

presidency highlights

Pendleton Act of 1883 initiating civil hiring on merit

nickname:

The Gentleman Boss

vice-president:

none
picture of President Chester Arthur

previous office

20th Vice President of USA

key background fact:

He became President when President Garfield was assassinated

occupation

Customs Collector of NY port

military service

Quartermaster General of New York State militia

children

3:   2 boys  1 girl

wife:

Ellen Lewis Herndon (1859)

height

6' 2'' / 1.88 m

higher education

Union College

religion

Episcopalian

 

quote

"Men may die, but the fabrics of free institutions remains unshaken."

actions & events

  • 1883 Pendleton Act: Civil hiring on merit
  •  Start of the "Steel Navy"

economy

  • 1885 Tariff of 1875 continued protectionist principles

foreign affairs

  •  Treaty with Nicaragua to build a canal violating pact with Britain

military activity

    unique facts

    • The last incumbent president who failed to receive renomination

    interesting

    A dandy in dress and a gourmand at the table, but he was neither happy nor healthy when president. He suffered the debilitating effects of Bright's disease (chronic nephritis).

    military activity


      Legacy

      Despite his reputation as a leading spoilsmen in American politics, he proved to be a dignified and able administrator. A little-known presidency but no duty was neglected in his tenure and no problem alarmed the nation.

      "Spoils system" and its champion