Pendleton Act of 1883 initiating civil hiring on merit
The Gentleman Boss
20th Vice President of USA
key background fact:
He became President when President Garfield was assassinated
Customs Collector of NY port
Quartermaster General of New York State militia
3: 2 boys 1 girl
Ellen Lewis Herndon (1859)
6' 2'' / 1.88 m
"Men may die, but the fabrics of free institutions remains unshaken."
actions & events
1883 Pendleton Act: Civil hiring on merit
Start of the "Steel Navy"
1885 Tariff of 1875 continued protectionist principles
Treaty with Nicaragua to build a canal violating pact with Britain
The last incumbent president who failed to receive renomination
A dandy in dress and a gourmand at the table, but he was neither happy nor healthy when president. He suffered the debilitating effects of Bright's disease (chronic nephritis).
Despite his reputation as a leading spoilsmen in American politics, he proved to be a dignified and able administrator. A little-known presidency but no duty was neglected in his tenure and no problem alarmed the nation.