The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

28
Woodrow Wilson
1913-1921


picture of President Woodrow Wilson
R R R R R
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
 

birthplace

Staunton, VA

birthday

December 28

Life

1856-1924

age

OFC:56 , d. 67

party

Democratic

presidency highlights

World War I — Federal Reserve — Federal Income Tax

nickname:

The Phrasemaker

vice-president:

Thomas Marshall
picture of President Woodrow Wilson

previous office

Governor of New Jersey

key background fact:

He was president of Princeton

occupation

Professor, Political scientist

military service

none

children

3:     3 girls

wife:

Ellen Louise Axson (1885), Edith Bolling Galt (1915)

height

5' 11'' / 1.80 m

higher education

Princeton, J. Hopkins (Ph.D.)

religion

Presbyterian

 

quote

"No nation is fit to sit in judgment upon any other nation."

actions & events

  • 1916 Child labor curtailed
  • 1916 Federal Farm Loan Act; cheap loans to farmers
  • 1920 Prohibition
  • 1920 19th Amendment, Women win the right to vote

economy

  • 1913 Federal Reserve Act
  • 1913 Underwood Tariff Act; lower tariffs
  • 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act: certain bz practices illegal

foreign affairs

  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles after WW I, "14 points"
  • 1919 Champion for the League of Nations. Ineffectual
  •  Interventions in Mexico, Haiti, Nicaragua

military activity

  • 1915 Occupation of Dominican Rep.
  • 1916 US troops against Pancho Villa in Mexico without success.
  • 1917 USA in World War I

unique facts

  • The only president with a PhD
  • The only president who was a political scientist.
  • The first to deliver the State of the Union address in person

interesting

He suffered a massive stroke and was not in position to perform his duties in the last one year and a half of his second term. His wife Edith helped, running the so-called "Petticoat Government."

military activity

  • 1915 Occupation of Dominican Rep.
  • 1916 US troops against Pancho Villa in Mexico without success.
  • 1917 USA in World War I

Legacy

Effective leadership in instituting a progressive domestic program. His foreign policies were marked by victory in World War I and passionate promotion of the League of Nations.

The classic poster of WW I

The classic poster of WW I