The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

19
Rutherford Hayes
1877-1881


picture of President Rutherford Hayes
R R R R R
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
 

birthplace

Delaware, OH

birthday

October 4

Life

1822-1893

age

OFC:54 , d. 71

party

Republican

presidency highlights

The end of Reconstruction — The beginning of the Gilded Age

nickname:

His Fraudulency

vice-president:

William Wheeler
picture of President Rutherford Hayes

previous office

Governor of Ohio

key background fact:

Elected president in the most disputed election in USA history

occupation

Lawyer

military service

Major General of Volunteers - wounded in Civil War (South Mountain)

children

8:   7 boys  1 girl

wife:

Lucy Ware Webb (1852)

height

5' 8'' / 1.73 m

higher education

Kenyon College, Harvard

religion

Methodist

 

quote

"He serves his party best who serves his country best."

actions & events

  • 1877 Reconstruction end. Army withdrew from the South
  • 1877 Railroad strikes and use of troops
  • 1877 Desert Land Act

economy

  • 1878 Bland-Allison Act - Treasury buys silver and makes silver dollars
  •  The Gilded Age starts. Enormous growth but serious social problems.

foreign affairs

    military activity

    • 1877 Bear Paw Battle against Nez Perce Indians
    • 1878 Bannocks Indians rising
    • 1879 "White River war" with Ute Indians

    unique facts

    • The first president to use a phone; his number was 1.
    • The first president to visit the West Coast
    • The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn

    interesting

    Mrs. Hayes was known as "Lemonade Lucy" because she refused to serve alcohol in the White House. She was the first First Lady to have graduated from college.

    military activity

    • 1877 Bear Paw Battle against Nez Perce Indians
    • 1878 Bannocks Indians rising
    • 1879 "White River war" with Ute Indians

    Legacy

    An effective president, ending military occupation of southern states; reforming the civil service, putting the country back on the gold standard, and starting the Gilded Age: enormous growth with serious social unrest.

    Railroad strikes

    Railroad strikes