The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

33
Harry S Truman
1945-1953


picture of President Harry S Truman
R R R R R
 

birthplace

Lamar, MO

birthday

May 8

Life

1884-1972

age

OFC:60 , d. 89

party

Democratic

presidency highlights

End of WW II — Atomic bombs — Truman Doctrine — Korean War

nickname:

Give 'Em Hell Harry

vice-president:

none (1945-1949), Alben Barkley (1949-1953)
picture of President Harry S Truman

previous office

34th Vice President of USA

key background fact:

Vice President (1945), became president after FDR’s death

occupation

Farmer, Men'S Clothing Retailer

military service

Colonel - U.S. Army (National) - World War I

children

1:     1 girl

wife:

Bess Wallace (1919)

height

5' 9'' / 1.75 m

higher education

(attended college, no degree)

religion

Baptist

 

quote

"The buck stops here."

actions & events

  • 1945 Fair Deal: health care, civil rights etc.
  • 1947 Pres. Succession Act
  • 1947 CIA established.
  • 1951 Dismissal of Gen. Douglas MacArthur

economy

  • 1946  Veto on Taft-Hartley Act regulating strikes (passed)
  • 1949 Housing Act

foreign affairs

  • 1945 Potsdam Conference
  • 1947 Truman Doctrine to stop communism in Greece.
  • 1948 Marshal Plan
  • 1948 Berlin Airlift-Cold War
  • 1949 NATO pact.

military activity

  • 1945 Atomic bombs
  • 1945 End of WW II
  • 1950-1953 Korean War

unique facts

  • The only 20th century president who did not attend college.
  • First inauguration on TV (2nd term)

interesting

He was a product of the notorious political machine of Pendergast in Kansas City.
It is unclear if a period is needed after the S in his name. Practiced piano for 2 hours every day.

military activity

  • 1945 Atomic bombs
  • 1945 End of WW II
  • 1950-1953 Korean War

Legacy

Unexpectedly a very efficient replacement. Shaped the world after WW II, more than any other man. He led the successful transition from wartime to peacetime economy. Unpopular in the end, today he is ranked amongst the top presidents.

Truman gloating - 1948 election

Truman gloating - 1948 election