The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

20
James Garfield
1881


picture of President James Garfield
R R R R R
James Abram Garfield
 

birthplace

Moreland Hills, OH

birthday

November 19

Life

1831-1881

age

OFC:49 , d. 49

party

Republican

presidency highlights

On July 2, 1881, was shot and died in September

nickname:

Boatman Jim

vice-president:

Chester Arthur
picture of President James Garfield

previous office

Congressman (Ohio)

key background fact:

A true "dark horse", an unlikely nomination in party convention

occupation

School Teacher, Minister, Soldier

military service

Major General of Volunteers - hero of the Civil War (Chickamauga)

children

7:   5 boys  2 girls

wife:

Lucretia Rudolph (1858)

height

6' 0'' / 1.83 m

higher education

Williams College

religion

Disciples of Christ

 

quote

"The truth will set you free, but first it will make you miserable."

actions & events

  • 1881 On July 2, he was shot by Charles Julius Guiteau.
  • 1881 Garfield died of blood poisoning on September 19.

economy

    foreign affairs

      military activity

        unique facts

        • The second-shortest presidency (after Harrison)
        • First president primarily left handed and ambidextrous

        interesting

        He knew Greek and Latin. He used his ambidexterity to write both at the same time. He had a 3,000-book library
        In 1876 he developed an original trapezoid proof of the Pythagorean theorem.

        military activity


          Legacy

          In the 4 months before he was shot, he did not accomplish much. He served the second-shortest term of any President.
          He endured Congress pressure on executive appointments.

          Garfield’s assassination

          Garfield’s assassination