The Presidents of the USA

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Fast Facts

14
Franklin Pierce
1853-1857


picture of President Franklin Pierce
R R R R R
 

birthplace

Hillsborough, NH

birthday

November 23

Life

1804-1869

age

OFC:48 , d. 65

party

Democratic

presidency highlights

Kansas-Nebraska Act reheated the slavery issue and divided U.S.

nickname:

Handsome Frank

vice-president:

William King (1853), none (1853-1857)
picture of President Franklin Pierce

previous office

Senator (NH) 1837-42

key background fact:

A "dark-horse" candidate who won a landslide victory in election

occupation

Lawyer

military service

Brigadier Gen. of Volunteers (State militia) - wounded in Mexican war

children

3:   3 boys

wife:

Jane Means Appleton (1834)

height

5' 10'' / 1.78 m

higher education

Bowdoin College, B.A.

religion

Episcopalian

 

quote

"Frequently the more trifling the subject, the more animated and protracted the discussion."

actions & events

  • 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Land from Mexico.
  • 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. Slavery Debate reheated.
  •  "border ruffians" and "jayhawkers" clash in Kansas

economy

    foreign affairs

    • 1854 Ostend Manifesto. Crisis over a leaked doc about Cuba purchase
    • 1854 Treaty with Japan negotiated by Commodore Matthew Perry

    military activity

      unique facts

      • Installed central-heating and the first hot water bathroom in White House.
      • The only president who could not win his party’s nomination again.

      interesting

      He was arrested while in office for running over an old woman with his horse.
      His third and last surviving child, died in a railroad accident two months before his inauguration.

      military activity


        Legacy

        As president, he made many divisive decisions which were widely criticized and earned him a reputation as one of the worst presidents in U.S. history.

        "Forcing slavery down the throat"